Nature Reserves: How to Preserve your Property's Natural Attractions
Are you particularly proud of the land, wood lot, marshland, peat bog, or any other striking landscape feature you own? Does your property have significant natural attractions such as mature forest, a marsh, a lake, a moose winter yard, turtles or any rare species? Is the view from your property on the surrounding landscape exceptional? Is your property part of a much larger scenery that gives your town a genuinely unique character?
If you have answered yes to any of these questions, you possess a precious resource. Such natural attractions and landscape features are a valuable indicator of the quality of your environment, which contributes in turn to the environmental health of your community.
Supporting voluntary conservation of ecosystems, species and landscapes
In order to support property owners (individuals or organizations) in their will to safeguard the ecosystems, species and landscapes deserving protection on their property, the Québec government adopted the Natural Heritage Conservation Act on December 18, 2002, which allows the Minister of the Environment and the Fight against Climate Change to recognize private properties as recognized nature reserves (article 54 and after).
The purpose of the Natural Heritage Conservation Act is to safeguard Québec's natural heritage. The Act provides measures facilitating the establishment of a network of protected areas representative of Québec’s biodiversity. Under the provisions of the Act, private lands can be recognized as nature reserves. In order to have land recognized, the land in question must have biological, ecological, wildlife, floristic, geological, geomorphic or landscape features that are significant and warrant preservation, and the landowner must file an application. It is possible for the landowner to make management arrangements with a non-profit conservation organization that will manage the property. Such agreements need to be approved during the recognition process. Recognition of land as a nature reserve may be perpetual or for a term of not less than 25 years.
The Act also prescribes the conditions under which land can be recognized as a nature reserve. One condition is that the landowner must agree to apply specific conservation measures. Such agreements can be amended and the Minister has the right, in certain cases, to withdraw recognition of a nature reserve.
This statute makes possible the preservation of the natural components of a private land without the owner having to part with his rights on that land. It allows the Minister of the Environment and the Fight against Climate Change to establish a partnership with the landowner within the framework of the private stewardship project. This project may have arisen from the landowner’s thought or through a joint undertaking between an landowner and a not-for-profit conservation organization.
Applying is easy
Any property owner wishing to have its property recognized as a nature reserve may do so to the Ministère by using the document intituled Guide and application ( PDF, 574 KB) and by sending the necessary documents for the recognition of a nature reserve in writing or by email. The application must contain:
Furthermore, one of the preliminary requirements for recognition defined in the Act, is the signing of an agreement. Two options are available: the landowner may enter into an agreement with the Minister of the Environment and the Fight against Climate Change, or the Minister may approve an agreement entered into between the landowner and a not-for-profit conservation organization.
In both cases, the agreement will contain the following provisions: a description of the property, its characteristics, the term of recognition, management arrangements for the property and, where applicable, identification of the conservation organization that will assume management of the new nature reserve, conservation measures to be implemented, and a description of the activities allowed and of those prohibited.
In accordance with the Act, the Minister of the Environment and the Fight against Climate Change publishes a notice stating that the property is recognized as a nature reserve in the Gazette officielle du Québec and in a newspaper circulated in the region concerned or, if there is no such newspaper, in the region closest to the recognized property. The recognition takes effect on the date of the publication of the notice in the Gazette officielle du Québec.
Moreover, the Minister of the Environment and the Fight against Climate Change requires the registration of the agreement in the land register. The agreement, once registered, is binding on all subsequent owners of the property. Lastly, the Minister issues the landowner a certificate attesting that the property has been recognized as a nature reserve and will require the registration of the nature reserve in the Register of the protected areas in Québec.
The many advantages of having your property recognized as a nature reserve
Having your property recognized as a nature reserve has many advantages, such as:
Do not hesitate to contact conservation organizations in your area. By spearheading many conservation projects on Québec’s private lands, these organizations have been the first to make landowners aware of their property's significant natural features and the need to protect them. They also have considerable expertise as managers of natural sites. Their commitment to safeguarding our natural heritage is underscored in the Natural Heritage Conservation Act.
Guide and application form for recognition of a nature reserve
Guide and application form ( PDF, 440 KB)
Ministère de l'Environnement et
de la Lutte contre les changements climatiques
For any other information:
You can contact the Ministère General Information.