Report on Sales of Pesticides in Québec 2018
The Report on Sales of Pesticides in Québec 2018 (Report) indicates differences in relation to previous reports. While ensuring continuity in the presentation of data, the MELCC has incorporated several new features into the report, which will make it possible to track changes in pesticide sales and risk indices since 1992. New agricultural requirements implemented in 2018 allow for establishing a more accurate sales profile for the highest-risk pesticides. It is now mandatory to obtain an agronomic justification and prescription prior to the sale and use of the highest-risk pesticides (this only applies to atrazine in 2018) and certain crop seeds coated with neonicotinoids (clothianidin, imidacloprid and thiamethoxam). This enables the MELCC to collect new retail sales data on high-risk pesticides and create a regional profile. In addition to the usual data, the 2018 Report contains specifics on active ingredients with the highest sales, wholesale sales of glyphosate, atrazine and potential alternative herbicides to atrazine, as well as details on their contribution to risk indicators. Various regional profiles on sales made in compliance with an agronomic prescription are also provided.
The Report is drafted annually by the MELCC to inform the public and stakeholders concerned by the sale and use of pesticides in agricultural and urban environments. The Pesticides Act, whose application falls under the authority of the MELCC, makes provision, in accordance with the Regulation respecting permits and certificates for the sale and use of pesticides, for the collection of data, namely data pertaining to pesticide sales. Under the Regulation, wholesale pesticide permit holders have been required to report their sales data on an annual basis since 1992.
The Report assesses the environmental pressure index, one of the indicators
that reflect the pressure exerted on one hectare by the agricultural
pesticides sold. Additionally, based on the
Pesticide Risk Indicator (IRPeQ), it assesses health risk indices (HRIs)
and environmental risk indices (ERIs), which represent the theoretical risk
of using a commercial preparation on one hectare. It is therefore possible
to monitor the province-wide evolution of health and environmental risks.
Stratégie phytosanitaire québécoise en agriculture 2011-2021 (SPQA-
Québec phytosanitary agricultural strategy) uses the results of the risk
indices to pursue its overall objective, which is to reduce health and
environmental risks related to the use of pesticides by 25% by 2021 (in
relation to the 2006-2008 reference period average).