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Overview of the Permit and Certificate regulations

Table 3. Activities pertaining to the sale and use of pesticides, and the corresponding classes and subclasses of permits and certificates (pricing)

Activity  Permit or Certificate class Description of activities specific to the class and subclass

Sale of pesticides - Class A Permit or Certificate

Wholesale

A

Activities pertaining to the sale of Class 1 to class 5 pesticides for retailers

Sale of pesticides - Class B Permit or Certificate

Retail sale of Class 1 to Class 3A pesticides

B1

Activities pertaining to the sale of Class 1 to class 3A pesticides to professional users

Retail sale of Class 4 pesticides

B2

Activities pertaining to the sale of Class 4 pesticides to end users (citizens)

Application of pesticides - Class C (Remunerated Work) or Class D (Non-Remunerated Work) Permit - Class CD Certificate

Aerial Application

Permit C1/D1

Certificate CD1

Application of a pesticide using an aircraft, for any purpose and on any space legally accessible by aircraft

Aquatic Application

Permit C2/D2

Certificate CD2

Application, other than with an aircraft, of pesticides to destruct or control aquatic plants or organisms except against biting insect larvae:

  • In the sea, a gulf, a river, a water course, a lake, a pond, a pool, a marsh, a wetland or any body of water

  • On a submerged facility (wharf) or a boat hull

Application on Raw Land

Permit C3/D3

Certificate CD3

Application, other than with an aircraft, of pesticides to destroy or control plants:

  • In road transport, railway and energy line routes

  • In their service areas and spaces, storage areas and non-cropped grounds (hydroelectric stations and electricity line right-of-way, railroad yards, industrial lands, vacant lots)

  • Forest access roads

Application in Ornamental Horticulture

Permit C4/D4

Certificate CD4

Application, other than with an aircraft, of pesticides, everywhere decorative and ornamental plants are grown (except in a building):

  • To control the growth of these plants or protect them against parasitic diseases, or to destroy or control weeds and pests

Application, other than with an aircraft, of pesticides to destroy or control plants:

  • In pedestrian zones or parking or sports areas;

  • In bodies of water with no surface outflow

Fumigation allowed, except using methyl bromide, carbon dioxide, ethylene oxide, phosphine or sulfuryl fluoride (C6/D6/CD6)

Application for Extermination

Permit C5/D5

Certificate CD5

Application, other than with an aircraft, of pesticides to destroy or control:

  • Vertebrate pests on site, except fish;

  • Invertebrates attacking harvested plants, prevent and fight against parasitic diseases on these plants, except those that attack seeds;

  • Invertebrates in confined spaces, vehicles or near buildings, except live plant invertebrate pests.

Fumigation allowed, except using methyl bromide, carbon dioxide, ethylene oxide, phosphine or sulfuryl fluoride (C6/D6/CD6).

Application by Fumigation

Permit C6/D6

Certificate CD6

Application by fumigation, for any purpose, in confined spaces of the following gases: methyl bromide, carbon dioxide, ethylene oxide, phosphine or sulfuryl fluoride.

Application in Forest Areas

Permit C7/D7

Certificate CD7

Application, other than with an aircraft, of pesticides to destroy or control animals, plants or parasitic diseases:

  • In forest areas and wooded areas

  • In spaces for reforestation or non greenhouse production of plants for reforestation

Application of pesticides to destroy or control vegetation on forest access roads

Application on Cultivated Land

Permit C8

Certificate CD8

Application, other than with an aircraft, of pesticides to destroy or control pest invertebrates, parasitic diseases or vegetation (except decorative or ornamental plants) on croplands

Application of Class 3A pesticides into or on the soil

Fumigation allowed, except using methyl bromide, carbon dioxide, ethylene oxide, phosphine or sulfuryl fluoride (C6/D6/CD6)

Application for Control of Stinging Insects

Permit C9/D9

Certificate CD9

Application, other than with an aircraft, of pesticides:

  • In an aquatic environment to control biting insect larvae

  • In the atmosphere to control adult biting insects

Application in Buildings for Horticultural Purposes

Permit C10

Certificate CD10

Application of pesticides to destroy or control:

  • Weeds or pests, or to protect plants grown in a building against parasitic diseases

  • In decorative pools in a building to control or destroy plants

  • Over a strip no more than one meter wide on the outside edge of a greenhouse

Fumigation allowed, except using methyl bromide, carbon dioxide, ethylene oxide, phosphine or sulfuryl fluoride (C6/D6/CD6)

Application in Buildings for Ornamental Horticultural Purposes Permit D10

Certificate CD10

Application of pesticides to destroy or control:

  • Weeds or pests, or to protect ornamental or decorative plants grown in a building against parasitic diseases
  • In decorative pools in a building to control or destroy plants
  • Over a strip no more than one meter wide on the outside edge of a greenhouse

Fumigation allowed, except using methyl bromide, carbon dioxide, ethylene oxide, phosphine or sulfuryl fluoride (C6/D6/CD6)

Other types of application

Permit C11/D11

Certificate CD11

Types not in subclasses C1/D1 to C10/D10

Types not in subclasses CD1 to CD10

Application of pesticides by a farmer producer - Class E

Farm Producer’s Certificate
(with a farm producer card)

E1

E1.1

Application, other than with an aircraft, of Classes 1 to Class 3 pesticides on a registered farm to destroy or control:

  • Animals (rodents, invertebrates), vegetation or parasitic diseases within the limits of the farm (including wooded areas)

  • Aquatic plants in a pool or pond with no outflow, entirely within farm limits

Application of Class 3A pesticides into or on the soil

Fumigation allowed, except using methyl bromide, carbon dioxide, ethylene oxide, phosphine or sulfuryl fluoride (E5)

Farmer’s Certificate
(without a farm producer card)

E2

Application, other than with an aircraft, of Class 1 to Class 3 pesticides of pesticides to destroy or control on an:

  • Animals (rodents, invertebrates), vegetation or parasitic diseases within the limits of the farm (including wooded areas)

  • Aquatic plants in a pool or pond with no outflow, entirely within the limits of the farm

Application of Class 3A pesticides into or on the soil

Fumigation allowed, except using methyl bromide, carbon dioxide, ethylene oxide, phosphine or sulfuryl fluoride (E5)

Farmer’s Certificate for Application in Buildings for Horticultural Purposes
(with or without a farm producer card)

E3

Application of Class 1 to Class 3 pesticides:

  • On plants grown in a building

  • On plants in decorative pools in a building

  • On plants or animals on a strip no more than one meter wide on the outside edge of a greenhouse.

Fumigation allowed, except using methyl bromide, carbon dioxide, ethylene oxide, phosphine or sulfuryl fluoride (E5)

Certificate for the Fumigation
(with or without a farm producer card)

E5

Application by fumigation of the following gases: methyl bromide, carbon dioxide, ethylene oxide, phosphine or sulfuryl fluoride.

Application of pesticides by a forest manager - Class F

Certificate for Forest Producer

F1

F1.1

Application, other than with an aircraft, of Class 1 to Class 3 pesticides to destroy or control animals, plants or parasitic diseases:

  • In forest areas, wooded areas

  • In areas for reforestation or non-greenhouse production of plants for reforestation

In a forest operation managed by a forest producer recognized under Chapter II of the Forest Act having less than 10 employees, not counting management

Forest Producer's Certificate

F2

Application, other than with an aircraft, of Class 1 to Class 3 pesticides to destroy or control animals, plants or parasitic diseases:

  • In forest areas, wooded areas

  • In areas for reforestation or non-greenhouse production of plants for reforestation

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