Report on Sales of Pesticides in Québec 2016
The Report on sales of pesticides in Québec is compiled annually by the Ministère to inform the population and stakeholders involved in the sale and use of pesticides. The Ministère is responsible for enforcing the Pesticides Act (chapter P-9.3) which, in accordance with the Regulation respecting permits and certificates for the sale and use of pesticides (chapter P-9.3, r.2), provides for collecting data, including data on pesticide sales. However, this report does not include the sale of pesticides in the form of seeds coated with pesticides. That information will be added later when a new regulation will provide for collecting this specific data.
The Report on sales of pesticides is also used to calculate the indicator in the Stratégie phytosanitaire québécoise en agriculture 2011-2021 (SPQA: Québec agricultural phytosanitary strategy 2011-2021), whose broad objective is to reduce the risks for the environment and health associated with the use of pesticides by 25% by 2021 compared to the 2006-2008 reference period. Monitoring these risks is conducted primarily via the study of pesticide sales for agricultural purposes that are integrated into the Québec Pesticide Risk Indicator (IRPeQ).
Since 1992, the report has been indicating changes in pesticide sales based on various categories, particularly sales in agricultural and urban environments.
In 2016, the total amount of pesticide sales in Québec was 4,170,291 kilograms of active ingredients (kg a.i.). This represents a 2.5% drop compared to sales in 2015 and an increase of 3.4% compared to sales in 1992, which was the first year that this data was compiled.
The Agricultural environment (French, PDF, 394 KB) section compiles sales of pesticides for crop production (field, sheltered and container crops) and sales for use on livestock and in agricultural buildings. In 2016, pesticide sales for farming amount to 3,415,290 kg a.i., or 81.9% of total sales. Herbicide sales represent 68.1% of pesticide sales used for the phytoprotection of crop production.
The per-hectare pressure index dropped from 2.02 to 1.86 kg a.i. between 2015 and 2016. During that same period, the total area under cultivation dropped by 0.5%, while agricultural pesticide sales dropped by 8.0%, which explains the decrease in the per-hectare pressure index. Agricultural pesticide risk indicators are expressed in comparison to the average for the 2006–2008 reference period. In 2016, the environmental and health risk indicators dropped respectively by 2% and 8% compared to that reference period, but are lower than in 2014.
The Urban environment (French, PDF, 437 KB) section compiles sales of pesticides for domestic use (products for individuals) as well as sales for the maintenance of landscaped areas (residential, commercial and golf courses) and pest control (extermination). Sales of pesticides for the urban environment represent 12.2% of total sales, or 507,856 kg a.i., which represents a 51% increase in sales over 2015. This change is attributable to increased pesticide sales for household use (76.1%), in particular the sale of a bioherbicide: corn gluten meal. Biopesticides used for household purposes represent 74.8% of total domestic sales. Similarly, pesticides sold for pest control increased by 80% during this period. The change from methyl bromide to sulfuryl fluoride used in greater quantity for the same purpose explains this increase. Lastly, the sale of pesticides intended for green space maintenance decreased by 3.2% between 2015 and 2016.
The Other sales (French, PDF, 266 KB) section includes pesticides sold for use in industries, for maintaining road, rail and energy corridors, as well as electrical substations and power line and gas pipeline right-of-ways, maintaining uncultivated land, developing and protecting forests, and controlling stinging insects. The total quantity sold in 2016 is 247,145 kg a.i., which represents an increase of 7.7% over 2015.
The following are links to each section where details are provided: