Report on Sales of Pesticides in Québec 2017
The MELCC elaborates the Report on Sales of Pesticides in Québec each year to inform the public and the interveners concerned by the sale and use of pesticides. The Pesticides Act (chapter P‑9.3), whose application falls under the authority of the MELCC, makes provision, in accordance with the Regulation respecting permits and certificates for the sale and use of pesticides (chapter P-9.3, r. 2), for the collection of data, in particular data pertaining to sales of pesticides. Until now, the report has not included sales of pesticides that coat seeds.
The Report on Sales of Pesticides in Québec is also used to calculate the indicator in the Stratégie phytosanitaire québécoise en agriculture 2011‑2021 (SPQA), whose broad objective is to reduce by 25% by 2021 the health and environmental risks related to the use of pesticides in relation to the 2006‑2008 reference period. Such risks are monitored, in particular, through an examination of sales of pesticides for agricultural purposes that are integrated into the Québec Pesticide Risk Indicator (IRPeQ).
Since 1992, the report has indicated changes in pesticide sales based on various categories and especially sales in the agri-environment and urban environment.
In 2017, total sales (French, PDF, 221 KB) of pesticides in Québec stood at 4 114 018 kg of active ingredients (kg a.i.). This marks a 1.3% reduction in relation to sales in 2016 and a 2.0% increase in relation to those in 1992, the first year in which the data were compiled.
The agri-environment (French, PDF, 370 KB) groups together sales of pesticides for crop production (field, sheltered and container crops) and sales for use on livestock and in farm buildings. In 2017, pesticide sales in the agri-environment totalled 3 357 068 kg a.i., 81.6% of total sales. Herbicide sales accounted for 69.3% of sales of pesticides used for phytoprotection in crop production.
The per-hectare pressure index remained stable (1.86 kg a.i./ha) between 2016 and 2017. During the same period, the total area in production fell by 1.3% and agricultural pesticide sales declined by 1.8%, which explains the stability of the per-hectare pressure index. Agricultural sector pesticide risk indicators are expressed in relation to the average for the 2006-2008 reference period. In 2017, the environmental and health risk indicators decreased by 14% and 3%, respectively, in relation to the reference period.
The urban environment (French, PDF, 323 KB) encompasses sales of pesticides for domestic use (personal products) and sales intended for the maintenance of green spaces (residential, commercial and gold courses) and pest management (extermination). Pesticide sales for the urban environment accounted for 9.8% of total sales, that is, 401 652 kg a.i., a 20.9% decrease in relation to 2016. The change is attributable, by way of an example, to lower pesticide sales for domestic use (24.4%), especially the sale of corn gluten meal, a bioherbicide. Domestic class biopesticides accounted for 55.9% of total domestic sales. Moreover, sales of pesticides for pest management fell by 30% during this period, a downturn attributable to reduced sales of sulfuryl fluoride. Lastly, sales of pesticides intended for green space maintenance decreased by 5.7% between 2016 and 2017.
The Other sales (French, PDF, 221 KB) section includes pesticides sold for use in industry, for maintaining road, rail and energy corridors, electrical substations and uncultivated land, developing and protecting forests, and controlling stinging insects. In 2017, the total quantity sold stood at 355 298 kg a.i., a 43.8% increase in relation to 2016.
Below are links to detailed descriptions of each section: